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Why Georgia

The birthplace of first Europeans
The archeological excavations (the Dmanisi ancient settlement) obtained on the territory of Georgia have proved that there has been a human settlement 1.8 million years ago here. These are the most ancient remains of the “homo sapiens” over the territory of Europe.

The place of Golden Fleece and a live myth on Argonauts
In VII-VI centuries B. C. the powerful kingdom of Kolkheti has been established in western Georgia, which was famous all over the antique world (“Kolkheti – rich in Gold”). It was where the Argonauts sailed, to obtain the Golden Fleece. The Myth about Argonauts – is the world known legend, which tells about the attitude of ancient Greeks about the kingdom, situated on the east coast of the Black Sea. Kolkheti was the strongest country, which was governed by the Kind AYETI. Golden Fleece was kept here; it was the golden wool of the Aries leather. The celebrated group of heroes under the leadership of Jason left Greece for an expedition by vessel to obtain this Golden Fleece. The name of their ship was Argo and thus, the expedition members were called Argonauts.

The Silk Road – The Crossroad of European and Asian Cultures
Georgia is located at the crossroad, joining the countries of the North and the South, the West and the East; This was where the transport highway passed communicating the countries of Europe and Asia; the road was commonly known as the Silk Road. Trading communication here has started since the II century B. C.

The Motherland of Wine and Vine
Georgia is the motherland of ancient wine making, which is rich in the vineyards. Based on archeological material we can trace it back to the VII millennium B. C. “Georgia is the cradle of wine” – this is how Georgia has been presented at the permanent wine exhibition – “Vinopolis” in London, which is also called the Odyssey of Wine. According to scientists, the world name of “wine” has been originated from the Georgian term, in Russian – “Vino”, German – “Wein”, English – “Wine”, French – “Vin”, etc.  The cult of wine and vine is the superlative degree of the culture, which has merged into the religion, traditions and everyday life of the country.
There are thousands of vine species, currently registered in Georgia. There are special Georgian traditions of wine making as well, which makes the Georgian wine so unique all over the world.

The unique culture, art and folklore
Georgia is the country of the most ancient and centuries – old culture, which has been formed through hard, but diversified historical background; this was caused by the fact that Georgia has been the point of interests for many powerful empires and served as their battlefield.
Despite the influence by the foreign cultures on Georgia, it has managed to keep its unique identity, which his revealed in the local folklore, art and cultural monuments.

Architecture                                                                                                                                                                       There are many monuments in Georgia with historic – cultural value (more than 10 000) starting from ancient settlements of the antique period, through the perfect church architectural style of the medieval period. The architectural monuments of the mountain regions are very unique and special; the local style is remarkably characteristic to this region only, which vary from area to area depending on the regions.

Art and cultural models
The museum expositions in Georgia have preserved important exhibits of various epochs. Among them are the “Golden Lion”, dated with the III millennium B. C.; the Robe of Virgin Mary; the most ancient copy of the Lord’s icon not of human making, dated with the VI – VII centuries – “Anchiskhati”, performed with encaustic method; the triptych of the X – XII centuries – “The Khakhuli Godmother”, the largest cloisonne enamel masterpiece of the world; unique manuscripts of the medieval period; secular and other national objects, works and models of art. The paintings by the world famous painter “Niko Pirosmani” of the past century are also represented here.

Language and written language
Georgian is one of the most ancient languages among those live ones currently existing in Georgia; while the written language is the one of the world fourteen scripts. It has been created by the King Parnavaz, who reigned in the III century. The most ancient and the first literary work, known from historic sources is the “Suffering of Shushanik” dated with the V century A.D. The world famous Georgian poem “Vepkhistkaosani” (“The Knight in Panther’s Skin”) by Shota Rustaveli, which is dated with the XII century draws the attention of the whole world and is considered as the masterpiece of the Renaissance period.

Folk songs, dances and traditions
Georgian polyphony has started early in antique period, which has been preserved since then, making the local culture so unique at present. Every region of Georgia has at the same time different music traditions. In 1977, one of the musical records has been sent to the space, named “Chakrulo” as the patter of special musical polyphony. Georgian dances also have deep roots. Every region is specifically characterized with different emotional activity, giving the strongest impression to the visitors.

One of the most ancient Christian countries
Christianity was first introduced in Georgia by the apostles of Christ – Andria the First, Svimon Kananeli and Matatha. Later, St. Nino converted the country into Christianity and after her preaching Christianity became the state religion in 337. Georgian Orthodox Church is among other world churches having obtained autocephaly. Another remarkable fact about Georgia is that there are many sacred objects for the whole Christian world, preserved in Georgia: The Lord’s Tunic buried in the Svetitskhoveli and the robe of the Virgin Mary.

The mountain region of Caucasus and its different way of life
Caucasus is one of the most ancient mountain systems, lying at the 1100 km., along the boarder of Europe and Asia. The highest top of the Caucasus is Elbrus (5642 m.) is considered the highest top of the mountain in Europe. There are three mountain tops higher than 5 000 m. on the territory of Georgia – Shkhara (5068 m.), Jangha (5059 m.) and Kazbegi (5047 m.). There are the most beautiful mountain regions spread all over the Georgian regions of the Caucasus; each of them distinguished with special customs, habits and specific architecture, characteristic to this region only. Among these is Ushguli, which is the highest (2200 m.) permanently populated area in Europe; it is also included into the list of UNESCO World Culture Heritages. The most beautiful nature and mountain architecture of the Georgian Caucasus attracts many visitors and gives unforgettable impression and the lifetime experience.